Elections in India have always been a matter of great interest as well as debate. The election process in India is monitored by the Election Commission of India(EC). Each of the 28 states of India have regional heads to carry out the entire process smoothly. At present India is voting(in a phased manner) for its new parliament body that comprises of 546 members of parliament(MP) that represent even number of constituencies of the entire country.
Upon declaration of election dates the entire EC machinery starts working. India, being the world’s largest democracy the whole process is extremely complex and rather cumbersome till the last task of the process is accomplished. For the election work all state governments and central government employees from all cadres are directed for performing various duties of the election. Also teachers, professors, bank employees, life insurance corporation employees etc. are also compulsorily assigned. Various duties during the election and of course they are all paid for performing these duties.
The most interesting part of an election in India is the use of electronic voting machines(EVMs). The EVM consists of a ballot unit and a control unit and since they are used. The process of election has been simplified to a certain extent because extracting the results out of the EVMs is fairly easy and fast as compared to the manual process. The EC has introduced a third machine, in the Gandhinagar constituency, on an experimental basis .The VVPAT machine(voter verified paper audit trial machine)that enables a voter to ascertain that the vote cast by him/her has been credited to the intended candidate. The success of this machine will lead to its introduction into all the future elections in India.
In any of the elections held in India the personals responsible for the actual polling are the ones who come into direct contact of the voters hence their duties are the most important but they face innumerable hardships though they are the ones who are responsible for the safety of the EVMs and they have to execute a non stop duty of nearly 40 hours continuously without proper food, sleeping arrangements, healthy sanitation arrangements etc., yet they faithfully and efficiently deliver their duties in the interest of the greater democracy and the nation.
The process of polling is simple and the procedures followed are of great importance it includes verifying the identity of the voter and then allowing him to cast his/her vote also statistical data is also extracted on an hourly basis for the media. The polling is generally carried out in school premises with strict discipline and armed security.
In this age of information technology use of the EVMs and other related machines used for the extraction of the results itself is a marvelous and ensures fool proof, perfect and fast results and is a matter of pride for India.
In case of a general election [election of the parliament] it is carried out in a phased manner but the counting of votes and subsequent declaration of the results is on a single day. Really the general elections in India is in itself a unique phenomenon unequaled anywhere in the world.